An Overview of Oil Industry Safety Directorate

OISD (Oil Industry Safety Directorate) is a technical directorate under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas that formulates and coordinates the implementation of a series of self regulatory measures aimed at enhancing the safety in the Oil & Gas industry in India.

Our Objective

  • To formulate and standardise procedures and guidelines in the areas of design, operation and maintenance as also the creation of new assets with a view to achieve the highest safety standards in a cost effective manner.
  • To conduct audits to ensure compliance to such standards.
  • To maintain continuous follow-up on compliance to OISD audit action points.
  • To analyse & investigate incidents happening to the oil & gas industry to identify root cause and formulate action plan for.

Functioning of OISD

OISD consists of a small core group of technical experts of various disciplines, on deputation from the Oil & Gas industry.

OISD, headed by an Executive Director, gets its directions and guidance from the Safety Council, the apex body consisting of senior officials of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, chief executives of Oil & Gas companies and heads of the concerned statutory and advisory bodies. 

OISD coordinates with experts from the Oil & Gas industry through various committees to carry out its major activities. 

The Safety Council / Safety Directorate does not supplant or, in any way take away the present responsibilities of various statutory agencies like DGMS, CCE, Inspectorate of Boilers, Factories Inspectors etc. It also does not dilute the responsibilities of the Chief Executives of the Oil & Gas industry, who are ultimately responsible for the safety measures in their organizations.

International Recognition of OISD

OISD has MoU / acquired membership of the following reputed international organizations 

  • World LPG Association
  • American Petroleum Institute (API)
  • Underwriters Laboratories UL

In addition to the above International organizations OISD is also a member of national organizations.

Sub-Groups within OISD

For covering the entire spectrum of activities in Oil & Gas Industry, the following sub-group have been constituted in OISD :

  • Exploration and production
  • Refinery and gas processing
  • Pipeline
  • Marketing
  • Environment
  • Engineering

Major Activities of OISD

  • Standardisation : : is one of the major activities of OISD. It is required to keep abreast of the latest design and operating practices in the areas of safety and fire fighting in the hydrocarbon processing industry in the developed countries so as to develop standards and codes that would be suitable for the conditions prevailing in India. These OISD standards are periodically reviewed to incorporate the latest technological developments and experiences gained in their implementation so as to update them in line with the current international practices.
  • Following OISD standards have been included in various statutory regulations :

Six OISD standards have been included in The Petroleum Rules 2002 etc:

Sl No
OISD Standard
Work Permit System.
Fire Protection Facilities for Petroleum Refineries and Oil/Gas Processing Plants
Fire Protection Facilities for Petroleum Depots, Terminals, Pipeline Installations & Lube oil installations
Layouts for Oil and Gas Installations
Design and Construction requirements for cross country hydrocarbon pipelines

Fire Protection Facilities for Ports Handling Hydrocarbons

Two OISD standards have been included in the Gas Cylinder Rules 2016 :

Sl No
OISD Standard
Liquefied Petroleum Gas(LPG) Installation
Small LPG Bottling Plants(Design and Fire Protection facilities)

One OISD standard has been included in the Static & Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules 2016 :

Sl No
OISD Standard
Design and Safety Requirements For Liquefied Petroleum Gas Mounded Storage Facility.

Sixteen OISD standard have been included in the Oil Mines Regulations 2017:

Sl No
OISD Standard
1OISD RP 108
Recommended Practices on Oil Storage and Handling.
Safe handling of hazardous chemicals
Fire Protection facilities for Petroleum Refineries and Oil/Gas Processing Plants
Fire Protection Facilities for Petroleum Depots, Terminals, Pipeline Installations and Lube Oil Installations
Layouts for Oil and Gas Installations
Inspection of unfired pressure vessels
7OISD STD 129 Inspection of storage tanks
Design and Construction requirements for cross country hydrocarbon pipelines
9OISD RP 149
Design aspects for safety in electrical systems
10OISD RP 174
Well Control.
11OISD GDN 178
Guidelines on Management Of Change
12OISD GDN 182 .
Safe Practices for Workover & well Stimulation Operations
13OISD STD 187
Care And Use Of Wire Rope.
14OISD STD 189
Standard On Fire Fighting Equipment For Drilling Rigs, Work Over Rigs And Production Installations.
15OISD STD 191 Oil Field Explosive Safety.
16OISD GDN 226
Natural Gas transmission pipelines and City Gas Distribution Networks

External Safety Audits: The External Safety Audits (ESA) are conducted regularly to check compliance w.r.t. implementation of safety standards. Critical examinations of all the components of the safety management system viz. Management policy, management attitude towards safety, safety training, review of plant layouts, operating/inspection/maintenance procedures, emergency preparedness plans, usage of personal protective equipment, fire/accident records, fire protection etc, are integral part of the ESAs. In addition to this Pre-commissioning safety audits (PCSA) and Surprise Safety Audits (SSA) are also conducted on as and when required basis. In addition to this Pre-commissioning safety audits (PCSA) and Surprise Safety Audits (SSA) are also conducted as and when required basis.

Off-shore Safety Regulations: To act as a competent authority to exercise powers and functions as stipulated in Petroleum and Natural Gas (Safety in Offshore operations) Rules, 2008 to enhance safety in offshore regulations. 

Safety Awards: Safety performance of the organisations in the Oil & Gas industry is regularly evaluated through a safety award scheme instituted by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. Evaluation of performance is done by specially developed system based on the hazard potential, total loss and safety management system. The safety awards are given in the following categories: 

a) Oil & Gas (Onshore Asset) 

b) Offshore Production Platforms / Rigs (Offshore Asset) 

c) Refineries / Other Processing Plants 

d) Cross Country Pipelines 

e) Marketing Operations - POL 

f) Marketing Operations  LPG

Training Programme/ Workshop: Technical workshops covering all activities of hydrocarbon sector are organized to discuss latest developments, sharing of experiences etc. Case studies of major incidents are presented/discussed to prevent recurrence of similar incidents. International conferences and seminars are organized for the purpose of cross learning with active participation of experts from various fields.

Dissemination of information : The case studies, accidents analysis and other information related to safety improvements are published and distributed to the industry through OISDs publications "SAFETY ALERTS" and "NEWSLETTERS" 

Accident Reporting & Investigation: OISD maintains a database of accidents taking place in the oil industry. The analysis of these incidents is shared with the industry to avoid recurrence. OISD also investigates the major incidents.

Functions & Responsibilities of OISD

  1. To oversee the implementation of all the decisions of the Safety Council;,
  2. To keep abreast of the latest design and operating practices in the area of safety and fire fighting in the hydrocarbon processing industry in the developed countries, so as to develop standards and codes that would be suitable for the conditions in India;
  3. To liaise with the statutory organizations on current views and developments and help evolve a concerted effort for the industry;
  4. To carry out periodic safety audits, review, suggest procedures for improvements and report on the implementation of the suggestions to Safety Council;
  5. To collect the relevant information and exchange it with the members of the Oil Industry including information regarding accidents and disasters occurring in the Oil & Gas industry, and also organize industry meetings for exchange of experience;
  6. To carry out inquiries into accidents, whenever required, and provide support to Inquiry Committees set up by the Government;
  7. To ensure implementation of all approved codes of practices for industrial hygiene;
  8. To review practices in the storage and handling of dangerous chemicals and ensure compliance with latest standards;
  9. To review in plant training programmes with regard to safety;
  10. To grant consent to operate to any offshore rig and installations;
  11. To monitor the reporting/conditions related to safety compliance for offshore rigs and platforms;
  12. Verify decommissioning of offshore structures & abandoning of wells as per worldwide safe practices and OISD standards;
  13. Monitor compliance of ERDMP of private E&P operators and liaise on regular basis;
  14. Conduct oil spill audit along with Coast Guard at offshore E&P locations as prescribed in NOSDCP;
  15. To specify critical drawings / layouts that need to be vetted by Safety Specialists at the design stage and carryout spot checks of design standards based on site audit findings to serve as feed-back for establishing new standards at the design stage, and

In addition to the above, at specific requests from the Chief Executives & Government Departments, OISD liaises with Railway Safety Directorate, Ministry of Surface Transport, Port Authorities etc. regarding problem area in applying and enforcing respective regulations.

Jurisdiction of OISD

The following activities of the Oil & Gas industry with the MOP&NG are under the jurisdiction of OISD:

  • All Exploration and Production operations in onshore and offshore
  • All refinery operations
  • Pipeline operations in the storage, transportation, distribution and marketing of crude oil and petroleum products
  • Processing of hydrocarbons for the production of bulk petroleum-chemicals in the large scale sector

Communication Channel Between OISD and Oil & Gas Industry

To facilitate timely and effective coordination between the Chief Executives and the OISD, some senior level officers from the Oil & Gas Industry are nominated by the Chief Executives of the respective companies. These senior officers are called .THE PRINCIPAL PANELISTS, who work as overall coordinators on behalf of their organizations/ divisions. All principal panelists are members of OISD's Steering Committee.

Safety Council Members

Sr. No.
1Dr. M M Kutty
Secretary, P&NG & Chairman, Safety Council, New Delhi
2Shri Rajiv Bansal
Addl Secretary & Financial Adviser, MoP&NG, New Delhi
3Shri Sunil Kumar
Joint Secretary (R), MoP&NG, New Delhi
4Shri Ashutosh Jindal
Joint Secretary (M), MoP&NG, New Delhi
5Shri B. N. Reddy
Joint Secretary (IC), MoP&NG, New Delhi
6Shri Amar Nath
Joint Secretary (E), MoP&NG, New Delhi
7Shri Ashish Chatterjee
Joint Secretary, GP, MoP&NG, New Delhi
8Dr. V P Joy DG, Directorate General of Hydrocarbon, Noida
9Shri Diwakar Nath MishraSecretary, Oil Industry Development Board, Noida
10Shri Shashi Shanker
CMD, ONGC Ltd., New Delhi
11Shri Sanjiv Singh
Chairman, IOCL, New Delhi
12Shri M K Surana
CMD, HPCL, Mumbai
13Shri D. Rajkumar
CMD, BPCL, Mumbai
14Shri J C Nakra
CMD, EIL, New Delhi
15Dr. Ashutosh Karnatak
CMD, GAIL, New Delhi
16Shri Utpal Bora
CMD, OIL, Noida
17Shri S N Pandey
MD, CPCL, Chennai
18Shri S K Barua
MD, NRL, New Delhi
19Shri Ajay Kumar Dixit
Interim CEO - Vedanta Limited, Cairn Oil & Gas, Gurgaon
20Shri B.Anand
CEO - ESSAR Oil Ltd., Mumbai
21Shri Prabh Das
MD&CEO, HPCL Mittal Energy Limited
22Shri Prabhat Singh
MD&CEO Petronet LNG Limited
23Shri P M S Prasad
Executive Director, Reliance Industries Limited
24Shri M K Jhala
Joint Chief Controller of Explosives, HOD, PESO, Nagpur
25Dr. A. Singh
Director General, FASLI, Mumbai
26Shri D K Shami
Adviser (Fire), Govt. of India, New Delhi
27Shri P K Sarkar
DG, Directorate General of Mines Safety, Dhanbad
28Shri K K Jain
Executive Director, CHT, New Delhi
29Shri P C Kureel
Secretary, Central Electricity Authority, New Delhi
ED, OISD, Member Secretary, Safety Council, New Delhi

List Of Principal Panellists / Steering Committee Members

ED, OISD, chairs the Steering Committee Meeting.

Organization wise list is as follows :-

Sr. No.
Indian Oil Corporation Limited
Shri L K S Chauhan
CGM(LPG-Ops), LPG Marketing, Mumbai
2Shri V K Verma
CGM(Ops), Marketing, Mumbai
3Shri M R Dwibedy
4Shri Anand Gupta
5Shri Alok Kumar Chakravorty
6Shri M.S.Sharma
GM(HSE), IOCL Marketing Mumbai
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
7Shri C.J.Iyer
Executive Director, Mumbai Refinery
8Shri Ranjan Nair
9Shri L.R. Jain
CGM Pipelines (Ops & Projects), Mumbai
10Shri Sanjeev Raina
GM(Ops) I/C Retail HQ, Mumbai
11Shri B. Joseph
CGM(OM&S)Kochi Refinery, Kochi
12Shri Vilas Pathrabe
DGM Operations(I/C) LPG , Marketing, Mumbai
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
13Shri Lekshman Venugopal
Executive Director, Mumbai Refinery
14Shri Suresh Varma
CGM(HSE) Marketing, Mumbai
15Shri V Ratan Raj
CGM I/c, Visakh Refinery
16Shri Kollabathula Ananda Rao
CGM-HSE (Corp.), Mumbai
17Shri Sukumar Nandi
CGM-LPG Ops & Dist, Mumbai
18Shri Shuvendu Gupta
CGM-O&D, Marketing, Mumbai
19Shri K Sreenivasa Rao
CGM-Pipelines Operations, Mumbai
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd
20Shri V.N.Mathur
ED, Chief HSE, New Delhi
21Shri Badal Roy
GM-Head Offshore Safety, Mumbai
Numaligarh Refineries Limited
22Shri Gopal Sarma
CGM(Operations), Numaligarh Assam
Mangalore Refineries & Petrochemicals Limited
23Shri U.V.Aithal
CGM(HSE & ISO), MRPL Refinery, Mangalore
Oil India Limited
24Shri J K Sarma
Chief General manager (OGPS), Duliajan
Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited
25Shri T Kamaraju
CGM(Tech), Manali, Chennai
Gas Authority of India Limited
26Shri S.P.Garg
CGM(HSE), Noida
27Shri K K Jain
Executive Director, CHT Noida
Engineers India Limited
28Shri P. Jayakumar
Executive Director (Technical), New Delhi
RIL-Petroleum Business
29Dr Prasad R. Tipnis
Head Centre of HSE Excellence, RIL Petroleum Business, Navi Mumbai
Gujrat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd.
30Shri Sachin Patel
AGM(HSE), Gandhinagar
Nayara Energy
31Shri Prabhanjan Dixit
Head-HSE-Refinery, Jamnagar
Vedanta Limited-Cairn Oil & Gas
32Shri . Shobhit Tiwari
Chief HSEQ Officer, Gurgaon
Petronet LNG Limited
33Shri Pushp Khetarpal
Sr. Vice President(O&M), Head Corporate HSE, New Delhi
HPCL Mittal Energy Limited
34Shri Ian Thorpe
Vice President-Health & Safety, Bhatinda
Bharat Oman Refineries Limited
35Shri Ratan Newar
Functional Directors of OISD
36Shri Ranjan Mehrotra
Director(MO-LPG), Noida
37Shri Lakhan Lal Sahu
Director(MO-POL), Noida
38Shri Sundar Iyer R
Director(Exploration & Production), Noida

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