An Overview of Oil Industry Safety Directorate

OISD (Oil Industry Safety Directorate) is a technical directorate under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas that formulates and coordinates the implementation of a series of self-regulatory measures aimed at enhancing the safety in the Oil & Gas industry in India. OISD was established in 1986.

Our Objective

  • To formulate and standardize procedures and guidelines in the areas of design, operation and maintenance as also the creation of new assets with a view to achieve the highest safety standards in a cost effective manner.
  • To conduct audits to ensure compliance to such standards.
  • To maintain continuous follow-up on compliance to OISD audit action points.
  • To analyse & investigate incidents happening to the oil & gas industry to identify root cause and formulate action plan for.

Functioning of OISD

OISD consists of a small core group of technical experts of various disciplines, on deputation from the Oil & Gas industry.

OISD, headed by an Executive Director, gets its directions and guidance from the Safety Council, the apex body consisting of senior officials of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, chief executives of Oil & Gas companies and heads of the concerned statutory and advisory bodies. 

OISD coordinates with experts from the Oil & Gas industry through various committees to carry out its major activities. 

The Safety Council / Safety Directorate does not supplant or, in any way take away the present responsibilities of various statutory agencies like DGMS, CCE, Inspectorate of Boilers, Factories Inspectors etc. It also does not dilute the responsibilities of the Chief Executives of the Oil & Gas industry, who are ultimately responsible for the safety measures in their organizations.

International Recognition of OISD

OISD has MoU / acquired membership of the following reputed international organizations 

  • World LPG Association
  • American Petroleum Institute (API)
  • Underwriters Laboratories UL
  • Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

In addition to the above International organizations OISD is also a member of national organizations.

Sub-Groups within OISD

For covering the entire spectrum of activities in Oil & Gas Industry, the following sub-group have been constituted in OISD:

  • Exploration and production
  • Refinery and gas processing
  • Pipeline
  • Marketing
  • Environment
  • Engineering

Major Activities of OISD

  • Standardisation : is one of the major activities of OISD. It is required to keep abreast of the latest design and operating practices in the areas of safety and fire fighting in the hydrocarbon processing industry in the developed countries so as to develop standards and codes that would be suitable for the conditions prevailing in India. These OISD standards are periodically reviewed to incorporate the latest technological developments and experiences gained in their implementation so as to update them in line with the current international practices.
  • Following OISD standards have been included in various statutory regulations :

Six OISD standards have been included in The Petroleum Rules 2002:

Sl. No.
OISD Standard
Work Permit System.
Fire Protection Facilities for Petroleum Refineries and Oil/Gas Processing Plants
3OISD STD 117                        
Fire Protection Facilities for Petroleum Depots, Terminals, Pipeline Installations & Lube oil installations
4                        OISD STD 118
Layouts for Oil and Gas Installations
Design and Construction requirements for cross country hydrocarbon pipelines

Fire Protection Facilities for Ports Handling Hydrocarbons

Two OISD standards have been included in the Gas Cylinder Rules 2016 :

Sl. No.    
OISD Standard
Liquefied Petroleum Gas(LPG) Installation
Small LPG Bottling Plants(Design and Fire Protection facilities)

One OISD standard has been included in the Static & Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules 2016 :

Sl. No.            
OISD Standard                      
Design and Safety Requirements For Liquefied Petroleum Gas Mounded Storage Facility.

Sixteen OISD standard have been included in the Oil Mines Regulations 2017:

Sl. No.               
OISD Standard                                 
1                      OISD RP 108
Recommended Practices on Oil Storage and Handling.
Safe handling of hazardous chemicals
Fire Protection facilities for Petroleum Refineries and Oil/Gas Processing Plants
Fire Protection Facilities for Petroleum Depots, Terminals, Pipeline Installations and Lube Oil Installations
Layouts for Oil and Gas Installations
Inspection of unfired pressure vessels
7OISD STD 129 Inspection of storage tanks
Design and Construction requirements for cross country hydrocarbon pipelines
9OISD RP 149
Design aspects for safety in electrical systems
10OISD RP 174
Well Control.
11OISD GDN 178
Guidelines on Management Of Change
12OISD GDN 182 .
Safe Practices for Workover & well Stimulation Operations
13OISD STD 187
Care And Use Of Wire Rope.
14OISD STD 189
Standard On Fire Fighting Equipment For Drilling Rigs, Work Over Rigs And Production Installations.
15OISD STD 191 Oil Field Explosive Safety.
16OISD GDN 226
Natural Gas transmission pipelines and City Gas Distribution Networks

External Safety Audits: The External Safety Audits (ESA) are conducted regularly to check compliance w.r.t. implementation of safety standards. Critical examinations of all the components of the safety management system viz. Management policy, management attitude towards safety, safety training, review of plant layouts, operating/inspection/maintenance procedures, emergency preparedness plans, usage of personal protective equipment, fire/accident records, fire protection etc., are integral part of the ESAs. In addition to this Pre-commissioning safety audits (PCSA) and Surprise Safety Audits (SSA) are also conducted on as and when required basis.

Off-shore Safety Regulations: To act as a competent authority to exercise powers and functions as stipulated in Petroleum and Natural Gas (Safety in Offshore operations) Rules, 2008 to enhance safety in offshore regulations. 

Safety Awards: Safety performance of the organisations in the Oil & Gas industry is regularly evaluated through a safety award scheme instituted by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. Evaluation of performance is done by specially developed system based on the hazard potential, total loss and safety management system. The safety awards are given in the following categories: 

a) Oil & Gas (Onshore Asset) 

b) Offshore Production Platforms / Rigs (Offshore Asset) 

c) Refineries / Other Processing Plants 

d) Cross Country Pipelines 

e) Marketing Operations - POL 

f) Marketing Operations  LPG

Training Programme / Workshop: Technical workshops covering all activities of hydrocarbon sector are organized to discuss latest developments, sharing of experiences etc. Case studies of major incidents are presented/discussed to prevent recurrence of similar incidents. International conferences and seminars are organized for the purpose of cross learning with active participation of experts from various fields.

Dissemination of information : The case studies, accidents analysis and other information related to safety improvements are published and distributed to the industry through OISDs publications "SAFETY ALERTS" and "NEWSLETTERS" 

Accident Reporting & Investigation: OISD maintains a database of accidents taking place in the oil industry. The analysis of these incidents is shared with the industry to avoid recurrence. OISD also investigates the major incidents.

Functions & Responsibilities of OISD

  1. To oversee the implementation of all the decisions of the Safety Council;,
  2. To keep abreast of the latest design and operating practices in the area of safety and fire fighting in the hydrocarbon processing industry in the developed countries, so as to develop standards and codes that would be suitable for the conditions in India;
  3. To liaise with the statutory organizations on current views and developments and help evolve a concerted effort for the industry;
  4. To carry out periodic safety audits, review, suggest procedures for improvements and report on the implementation of the suggestions to Safety Council;
  5. To collect the relevant information and exchange it with the members of the Oil Industry including information regarding accidents and disasters occurring in the Oil & Gas industry, and also organize industry meetings for exchange of experience;
  6. To carry out inquiries into accidents, whenever required, and provide support to Inquiry Committees set up by the Government;
  7. To ensure implementation of all approved codes of practices for industrial hygiene;
  8. To review practices in the storage and handling of dangerous chemicals and ensure compliance with latest standards;
  9. To review in plant training programmes with regard to safety;
  10. To grant consent to operate to any offshore rig and installations;
  11. To monitor the reporting/conditions related to safety compliance for offshore rigs and platforms;
  12. Verify decommissioning of offshore structures & abandoning of wells as per worldwide safe practices and OISD standards;
  13. Monitor compliance of ERDMP of private E&P operators and liaise on regular basis;
  14. Conduct oil spill audit along with Coast Guard at offshore E&P locations as prescribed in NOSDCP;
  15. To specify critical drawings / layouts that need to be vetted by Safety Specialists at the design stage and carryout spot checks of design standards based on site audit findings to serve as feed-back for establishing new standards at the design stage, and

In addition to the above, at specific requests from the Chief Executives & Government Departments, OISD liaises with Railway Safety Directorate, Ministry of Surface Transport, Port Authorities etc. regarding problem area in applying and enforcing respective regulations.

Jurisdiction of OISD

The following activities of the Oil & Gas industry with the MOP&NG are under the jurisdiction of OISD:

  • All Exploration and Production operations in onshore and offshore
  • All refinery operations
  • Pipeline operations in the storage, transportation, distribution and marketing of crude oil and petroleum products
  • Processing of hydrocarbons for the production of bulk petroleum-chemicals in the large scale sector

Communication Channel Between OISD and Oil & Gas Industry

To facilitate timely and effective coordination between the Chief Executives and the OISD, some senior level officers from the Oil & Gas Industry are nominated by the Chief Executives of the respective companies. These senior officers are called .THE PRINCIPAL PANELISTS, who work as overall coordinators on behalf of their organizations/ divisions. All principal panelists are members of OISD's Steering Committee.

Safety Council Members

Sr. No.
1Shri Tarun KapoorSecretary, MOP&NG & Chairman, Safety Council, New Delhi
2Shri Rajesh AgarwalAddl Secretary & Financial Adviser, MOP&NG, New Delhi
3Shri Amar Nath
Addl Secretary (E & CVO), MOP&NG, New Delhi
4Shri Ashish Chatterjee
Joint Secretary, (GP ), MOP&NG, New Delhi
5Shri B. N. Reddy
Joint Secretary (IC & Admn), MOP&NG, New Delhi
6Shri Sunil Kumar
Joint Secretary (R), MOP&NG, New Delhi
7Dr. Navneet Mohan Kothari
Joint Secretary (Marketing), MOP&NG, New Delhi
8Shri Rohit Mathur Joint Secretary (G) , MOPN&G, New Delhi
9Shri Subhashchand Lal Das Director General, DGH, Noida
10Shri Niranjan Kumar SinghSecretary, OIDB, Noida
11Shri Shubash Kumar
Director (Finance) and Chairman & Managing Director (Additional Charge) ONGC Ltd., New Delhi 
12Shri S. M. Vaidya
Chairman, IOCL, New Delhi
13Shri M. K. Surana
CMD, HPCL, Mumbai
14Shri K. Padmakar

Director(HR) & C&MD (incharge), BPCL Mumbai

15Shri R. K. Sabharwal
Director -Commercial & C&MD(Addl Charge), EIL, New Delhi
16Shri Manoj Jain
CMD, GAIL, New Delhi
17Shri Sushil Chandra Mishra
CMD, OIL, Noida
18Shri Rajiv Ailawadi
MD(I/C) and Director(Finance), CPCL, Chennai
19Shri S. K. Barua
MD, NRL, New Delhi
20Shri Oscar Quintero 
COO - Vedanta Limited, Cairn Oil & Gas, Gurgaon
21Shri Prasad K Panicker
Director & Head of Refinery ,Nayara Energy Ltd., Mumbai
22Shri Prabh Das
MD&CEO, HPCL Mittal Energy Limited
23Shri A. K. Singh
MD &CEO, Petronet LNG Limited
24Shri P. M. S. Prasad
ED, Reliance Industries Limited
25Shri M. K. Jhala
Joint Chief Controller of Explosives, HOD, PESO, Nagpur
26Dr. R.K. Elangovan 
Director General, FASLI, Mumbai
27Shri D. K. Shami
Adviser (Fire), Govt. of India, New Delhi
28Shri Prabhat Kumar
CIM and Director General (officiating), Directorate General of Mines Safety, Dhanbad
29Shri P. Raman
Acting In Charge ED, CHT, Noida
30Shri P. C. Kureel
Secretary, Central Electricity Authority, New Delhi
31Shri Arun Mittal
ED, OISD, Member Secretary, Safety Council, New Delhi

List of Principal Panelists / Steering Committee Members

ED, OISD, chairs the Steering Committee Meeting.

Organization wise list is as follows :-

Sr. No.   
Indian Oil Corporation Limited
1Shri Sanjeev KumarED (HS&E), IOCL-RHQ, New Delhi
Shri  L. K. S. Chauhan
CGM (LPG-Ops), LPG Marketing, Mumbai
3Shri K. S. Rao
CGM (Ops), MKTHO, Mumbai
4Shri M. R. Dwibedy
5Shri J. K. RanaCGM (H,S&E), CO, New Delhi
6Shri M. S. Sharma
CGM (H,S&E), IOCL Marketing Mumbai
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
7Shri Subramoni Iyer
Executive Director, Mumbai Refinery
8Shri Sanjay Khanna
Executive Director, Kochi Refinery
9Shri Sanjeev Raina Head HSSE (Corporate), Mumbai
10Shri  Kani Amudhan N
CGM Pipelines ( Ops & Projects), Mumbai
11Shri Ranjan Nair
GM (Ops) Retail HQ, Mumbai
12Shri Srikrishna Ramchandra Nawade
GM HSSE-Audit(LPG),HQ, Mumbai
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
13Shri V. S. Agashe
Executive Director, Mumbai Refinery
14Shri V. Ratan Raj
Executive Director, Visakh Refinery
15Shri Sukumar  Nandi
Executive Director-HSE (Corp.), Mumbai
16Shri  Baldev Bhatia
CGM-LPG Ops , Mumbai
17Shri K Loganathan
CGM-Ops,SOD, Marketing, Mumbai
18Shri Y. V. N. Sharma
CGM-Pipelines Operations, Mumbai
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd
19Shri Ajay DixitGGM (D), Chief HSE
20Shri Amit KumarCGM(Elec)- Head Safety
21Shri Indranil Sengupta
CGM (P) & officiating Head Offshore Safety
Numaligarh Refineries Limited
22Shri Gopal Sarma
CGM (Operations), Numaligarh Assam
Mangalore Refineries & Petrochemicals Limited
23Shri A.K.BhongleGM (F&S)
Oil India Limited
24Shri Atindra Roychoudhury
ED (Production Services), Duliajan
25Shri Sudipta Kumar Chakravarty
CGM (Pipelines Services), PHQ, Guwahati
Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited
26Shri B. Panneerselvam
CGM (Tech), Manali, Chennai
GAIL(I) Limited
27Shri Joydip Paul
CGM (HSE), Noida
28Shri P.Raman
Acting in Charge ED, CHT Noida
Engineers India Limited
29Shri Rajiv AgarwalGGM & HOD (Process 2)
RIL-Petroleum Business
30Shri K. V. Seshadri Group Head-safety & Operational Risk , RIL Petroleum Business, Navi Mumbai
Gujrat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd.
31Shri Sachin Patel
AGM (HSE), Gandhinagar
Nayara Energy
32Shri Prabhanjan Dixit
Head-HSE-Refinery, Jamnagar
Vedanta Limited-Cairn Oil & Gas
33Shri Sai Subramaniam
Director HSE, Gurgaon
Petronet LNG Limited
34Shri S. K. Rastogi
CGM & President (Technical)
HPCL Mittal Energy Limited
35Shri Ian Thorpe
Vice President-Health & Safety, Bhatinda
Bharat Oman Refineries Limited
36Shri S. Chatterjee
Jt. Sr.VP (Fire, safety & Environment),BORL,  Bina
Functional Directors of OISD
37Shri Ranjan Mehrotra
Director (MO-LPG), Noida
38Shri Vikas Kumar Sharma
Director (E & P), Noida

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