The Refineries, Gas Processing, LNG and Petrochemical Plants are
subjected to high safety
hazards from fire & explosion due to handling, processing & storage of
highly flammable liquid, gas and vapour as well as operation of the facilities
at elevated temperature & pressure or cryogenic condition. These potential
hazards get aggravated on accounts of process upsets, extreme physical
conditions and accidental release of flammable hydrocarbon.
In recent past, the oil industry throughout its value chain has seen
major up gradations and capacity built up in petroleum refining, coupled with
induction of newer technologies like Catalytic Hydro-treating, Isomerisation, Hydrocracking, Fluidized
Catalytic Cracking, Delayed Coking etc. to extract maximum value addition from
the product slate. With these upgradation in technologies along with diversification
towards petrochemicals, the complexity of operation has increased
manifold and so has our responsibility in operation of the assets in a safe and
efficient way without disturbing the people and environment.
The Safety Management in Hydrocarbon Industry is a multi-disciplinary
function and every person needs to keep vigil against potential cause of fire
& accidents and strive to eliminate them. A workplace incident is an
indication that prevention was ineffective and that prompt changes need to be
made. Everyone manning our work stations should draw lessons from past industry
incidents to prevent recurrence.
Refining & Gas Processing group looks after the refinery operations,
Gas Processing and operations of petrochemical plants. The various activities
carried out by this group in order to maintain high degree of safety in the Oil
Industry in India are:
The Process Group of OISD carry out External Safety Audits, Surprise
Safety Checks and Pre-Commissioning Safety Checks. The focus areas in such
- Design & layout of the installation
safety and plant operating practices
and inspection aspects
management and fire protection systems
& development activities
The External safety Audits are carried out once in
three year as per the directives of MoP&NG. This is an exhaustive audit
carried out by multidisciplinary team comprising of highly experienced
executives nominated from the industry as well as other statutory bodies and
coordinated by member from OISD.
Surprise Safety Checks are carried out by an experienced group of
senior executives from industry in coordination with OISD to verify the
implementation status of ESAs and scrutinize safety management system of the
Pre-Commissioning Safety Audit (PCSA) of new projects as well as expansion and/ or revamp of existing
units are carried out by OISD as per directive from MoPNG. These audits are
carried out on chargeable basis.
Development and revision of OISD Standards:
This group develops new standards to enhance the safety of the industry
as well as review the existing standards to incorporate any design change, new
technologies, systems and equipment. The standards are prepared/ reviewed by a
technical committee namely functional committee whose members are drawn from
the relevant industry to put their experiences along with the International and
National codes and practices e.g. British Standards, API, NFPA etc. On
completion of the functional committee activity, these standards are put up for
comments from general public before adoption of the standard.
Fire & Accidents Investigation:
This group also carries out investigation of fires and accidents in
refinery, gas processing & petrochemical plants to identify the root cause
of the incident and suggest
remedial measures to prevent recurrences. The analysis and the incidents
are shared with the
industry members during steering committee meeting and also CEO of the industry
during Safety Council. In
addition, `Safety Alerts’, `Case studies’ based on the incident investigation
are prepared and shared with the industries through the OISD web portal.
The Group facilitates such workshops in coordination with industry. Industry members are
encouraged to share and disseminate experiences and knowledge through
presentation of papers, case studies and discussions.
Safety Performance evaluation:
Oil Industry Safety Awards were instituted in 1987 with a view to
promote safety performance in oil industry. The safety evaluation for the
awards is being done by this group every year based on relative Hazard Potential, Penalty Points and
Safety Management System of the individual installations. This is then forwarded
for further review and approval by the Safety Awards Committee.
Also in order to sensitize and motivate individual employee towards the
importance of safety, individual
awards are also given
to company employees/ contractor workers who had made significant contribution to avoid
accidents at work places.